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《鲁迅和里维拉》序一(作者:陈思和)
发布时间:2015-12-17 来源:本站 发布:hbcbs 浏览:1539次

山东彩票 SHOUDAOWANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGZAIXINFENGSHANGHUALESANGENCAISEJIMAODEYOUJIAN,SHIWANHUOJI,GAOSUWO,TAYIXINRANJUWEIMINGCEHUAZHUBIANDE《LUXUNHELIWEILA》YIJINGYOUSHANDONGHUABAOSHETONGYICHUBAN,BINGQIEJINRULEBIANJIDELIUCHENG。JIEZHEJIUZHANDINGJIETIEDIFABUMINGLING:“XIWANGNINENGXIEXU,QINGWUSHUO‘BU’。WOZHIDAOMAFANNILE,DANWOXIANGLAIXIANGQU,HAISHIQINGNIXIEWEIZUIJIAXUANZE。ZHANGDUANBULUN,XIEYIDIANGANXIANGJIUHAO。”WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGNIANLINGBIWODADEDUO,SHIZHANGZHE,NENGWEIZHANGZHEZUODIANSHI,WOCONGLAIYEMEIYOUYOUYIGUO,WANGXIANSHENGDESHENGMINGJIUSHIYITUANHUO,BUSHUOJIANQIREN,JIUSHIDUQIXINBIANQIZISHIQIWEN,WODEXINYEHUIBEITADERELISUORONGHUA,NENGBUCONGMINGHU?

山东彩票 SHUOQILAI,《LUXUNHELIWEILA》KEYISUANDEYIBENQISHU,YIYIYUANYUANCHAOCHULESHUDEBENSHEN。SHUDEHEXINNEIRONG,SHEJILIANGGERENWUHEYIZHANGHUA:LIANGGERENWU:LUXUN,MOXIGEDEDAYISHUJIALIWEILA;YIZHANGHUA:《PINRENZHIYE》。LUXUNZAI1930 NIANCONGDEGUOGOUMAILEYIPIMUKEHUAHEXIANGGUANDESHU,QIZHONGJIUYOU《DIGE·LIWEILAZUOPINJI》。DIERNIANDINGLINGBAN《BEIDOU》,LUXUNWEIKANWUTIGONGGUOLIANGFUMUKEHUA,DIYIFUSHIKELEHUIZHIDEBANHUA《XISHENG》,YINWEISHIJINIANXISHENGBUJIUDEROUSHI,FEICHANGZHUMING;DIERFUJIUSHILIWEILADE《PINRENZHIYE》,BUGUOGUANZHUDERENBINGBUDUO。SHANGSHIJI50 NIANDAIKAISHI,LIWEILAZUOWEIMOXIGEGEMINGYISHUYUNDONGDELINGXIURENWU,TADEZUOPINDUOCIBEIYOUHAODIJIESHAODAOZHONGGUO,DANBINGMEIYOURENZHUYIDAO,DIYIGEBALIWEILADEYISHUCHUANGZUOJIESHAODAOZHONGGUODESHILUXUN。1957 NIANLIWEILAQUSHI,LUXUNYANJIUZHUANJIADINGJINGTANGZHUANWENJINIAN,ZHENGSHILE《BEIDOU》SHANGFABIAODEBUZUSANBAIZIDE《PINRENZHIYE》DEWENZISHUOMINGSHILUXUNDEYIWEN,YESHIZHONGGUODIYICIJIESHAOLIWEILADEWENZI。DINGXIANSHENGDEYANJIUCHENGGUODEDAOLEXUEJIECHENGREN,ZAI1981 NIANBANDE《LUXUNQUANJI》LI,SHOURULEZHEIPIANSHUOMINGWENZI。DINGXIANSHENGHAIYINGLUXUNYANJIUZHUANJIAXUESUIZHIXIANSHENGDEYAOYUE,ZAI1978 NIANDIERCIXIELEKAOZHENGGENGWEIXIANGXIDELUNSHULUXUNHELIWEILADELUNWEN。BENLAI,GUSHIDAOZHEILIJIUKEYIJIESHULE。RANER,HUIYANDUJUDEWANGGUANQUANXIANSHENG,JINGGUOLESANSHIWUNIANZHIHOU,JINGBIANCHULEZHEIYANGYIBENYOUSHENGYOUSEDEHAODUWU。

山东彩票 WOCHENGZHEIBENSHUWEI“DUWU”,YINWEITAJIFEIHUACEYIFEITUSHU,ERSHIJITUPIANWENZI、XINWENBAODAO、DANGANWENXIAN、KAOZHENGLUNWENWEIYILUDEQIGUAIDEFUHETI。TAZUIHOUCHUBANDEXINGSHISHIZENMEYANG,WOHAIBUDEERZHI,DANKANTAXIANZAIDEBIANPAI:QIANMIANSHILUXUN、LIWEILADEHUAXIANG,JIEZHESHILUXUNSHOUZANGDELIWEILAZUOPINJIDEFENGMIAN、YUANSHIZILIAO,YIJILUXUNTUIJIANFABIAOZAI《BEIDOU》SHANGDETUWEN。JIEXIALAISHI1957 NIAN《WENHUIBAO》GUANYULIWEILASHISHIDEXIAOXIYIJIDINGJINGTANGXIANSHENGZAI50 NIANDAIHE70 NIANDAIXIEDELIANGPIANWENZHANG,YOUCHARULEWENZHANGLITIDAODELIWEILADEJUZUO《ZHANZHENGDEEMENGYUHEPINGDELIXIANG》DEJIESHAOHEZHUIXUN。ZAIHOUMIANSHI2006 NIANMOXIGEXIANDAIMEISHUZHANZAISHANGHAIZHANCHUSHIMEITIXIANGGUANBAODAOHEXUANCHUAN、XIANGGUANZHANPINXUAN。RANHOUSHIYIZULIWEILADEJIESHAO,BAOKUOMOXIGE1979 NIANFAXINGDEZHIBISHANGYINYOULIWEILAHEFULIDADETOUXIANG、AILUNBAODUILIWEILADEPINGJIAYIJIWANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGDEZHANYOUWUBUNAIXIANSHENGYOUGUANNANMEIYISHUJIADUIZHONGGUOHUAJIEYINGXIANGDESIRENTONGXIN。WEILEQIANGDIAOZHEIZHONGYINGXIANG,YOUCHARUYIPIMOXIGEBANHUADEZUOPINXUAN。ZUIHOUSHIWANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGDEBIANYUMANBI:《SHENDUYANJIUDEYANJIU》,DUILUXUN、LIWEILA、MOXIGEGEMINGYISHUYUNDONGYUZHONGGUODENGWENTIZUOLEYIXILIEDEZONGJIEXINGDETAOLUN,JIEWEIBUFENDUIYU2006 NIANMEITIJIESHAOMOXIGEMEIZHANSHIXUANRANFULIDADEGUSHITICHULEYIYI,WEICI,ZUIHOUYOUFANGRULEYOUGUANFULIDADETUPIAN、HUAZUODENG。SUOYOUDEYISHUZUOPINDOUSHIZHAOXIANGFANPAI、WENZIYESHIYINGYINZHUANPAI,DAYUEZHIYOUZUIHOUYIPIAN“BIANYUMANBI”CAISHIZHENZHENGDEWENZIGAO。WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGWEILEYINZHIZHEIBENDUWU,ZIFEIDUOCIBIANPAINEIRONG,WOSHOULIYIJINGZHENZANGLELIANGZHONGBUTONGDEBANBEN。JUSHUOHAIYOUDISANZHONG,JIARULECHIZIJIANFANGWENMOXIGEDESANWEN。SHUOTASHIYIBENWUHUABAMEN、TUWENBINGCHEN、GONGSIJIANGUDE“QISHU”,YIDIANYEBUGUOFEN。

    LUXUNHELIWEILA,ZUICHUDEYOUTOUHENJIANDAN,YIDIANYEBUFUZA。DANSHIZAIWANGXIANSHENGDEZHIZUOXIA,ZAROUJINXUXUDUODUOYOUQU、YOUXIESHENZHIHENZHONGDADEWENTI:RUDUIMOXIGEZHEIYIDUANGEMINGYISHUYUNDONGDEPINGJIA,GUANYULIWEILAYIJUZUO《ZHANZHENGDEEMENGYUHEPINGDELIXIANG》WEIZENGSONGZHONGGUORENMINDELIWUDECHUANSHUO,GUANYUFULIDA·KALUODECHUANSHUOHEPINGJIA,DENGDENG,DOUSHILINGRENGANXINGQUDETIMU。XIANGYIGEJUBAOPEN,SUISHIDOUNENGGOUFANCHUXINYILAI。ERSHINIANQIANLAMEIMOHUANXIANSHIZHUYIWENXUEBEIJIESHAOJINLAI,ZAIZHONGGUOCHANSHENGLEZHONGDADEYINGXIANG,ZHIDAOJINNIANYINMOYANHUODENUOBEIERWENXUEJIANGERJIXUMINGSHENGDAZAO,ERZHEIBENDUWUSUOSHOUDEWUBUNAIXIANSHENGTONGXINLIZHANSHILEJIHUSHILAMEIWENXUEDEXIANQUDENANMEIGEMINGYISHUYUNDONG(YESHIRONGXIFANGXIANDAIZHUYIYISHIJIQIAO,YIJIBENTUDEWENHUALISHINEIRONGWEIYILUDEYISHUYUNDONG)DECHANSHENG、YIYIYIJIDUIZHONGGUOYISHUJIADEYINGXIANG,ZHEIBUSHIYIJIANZHIDEWOMENJIXUTANTAOXIAQUDEHUATIMA?CHUANSHUOZHONGLIWEILAYU1950 NIANDAICHUFANGWENZHONGGUO,HAIDAILAILEZENGSONGJIZHONGGUORENMINDELIWU——ZONGMIANJIDA200 PINGFANGMIDEBIHUAJUZUO,JUSHUOHUAMIANSHANGCHUXIANLESIDALINHEMAOZEDONGWEISHOUDEGONGCHANZHENYINGYUYIYINGMEIWEISHOUDEXIFANGZHENYINGQIANSHUHEPINGTIAOYUE、JIESHUZHANZHENGDEHUANXIANG,BEIJINGSHIMOGUYUN、ZHANHUO、TUCHANGDENGCANKUZHANZHENGTU,RUCIYIFUHONGWEIZHUANGGUANDEJUZUO,JUSHUO1950NIANDAIBEIXUANGUAZAIBEIJINGWANGFUJINGJINYUHUTONGDE“HEPINGDAHUI”HUIZHI。XIANZAIZAOYIBUZHISUOXIANG,ZHEIMEJUDADEZUOPINBUKENENGBEISIRENSHOUZANG,DANYOUSHIRUHEHUIMIEDENI?XIANZAIWOMENJINNENGKANDAODESHIZHEIFUZUOPINDECAITUZHAOPIANYIJICENGJINGJIANGUODERENDEHUIYI,NANDAOBUZHIDEWOMENQUJINYIBUTANJIULISHIDEMIMA?ZAISHUOSHUONVHUAJIAFULIDA·KALUODECHUANQIRENSHENG,WEILEXIEZHEIPIANXUWEN,WOTEYIQUKANLE2002 NIANMEIGUOHAOLAIWUSHEZHIDEYINGPIAN《FULIDA》,ZHIQIANYIJINGYOUHAOJICHUKANDAOYOUGUANFULIDADEWENZHANG,JIHUDOUQIANGDIAOLEZHEIGECANSHANGNVRENTIANCAIERBUXINGDERENSHENGGUSHI,YOUYIWUYIDIXUANRAN“DAXIANGYUGEZI”FANGLANGXINGHAI、HUXIANGBUZHONG、FENFENHEHEDEHUNYINCHUANQI。2006 NIANDEMOXIGEXIANDAIMEIZHANLIMEIYOUFULIDADEZUOPIN,KESHIMEITIQUEYIGENGDUODEPIANFUQUJIESHAOFULIDALAIXIYINRENMENDEYANQIU,ZHEIYESHIWANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGZHIWEI“REQINGGUOTOU”、“HENBUZHENGCHANG”、“YOUYIWEIER”DEYUANQI。WEICI,WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGZAI“BIANYUMANBI”LIZHUANMENSHEYIJIETAOLUNFULIDADUINANMEIYISHUSHIDEGONGXIAN。WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGDEYANGGANGZHIQIWOSHISHENYIWEIRANDE,DANDUIYUJINJINLEDAOYUHUAJIASISHENGHUODEWENZHANGYETONGQING。ZHEIGEWENTIYESHEJIDAOJINQIGUONEIDUINVZUOJIAXIAOHONGDERENSHENGGUSHIDEPINGJIAZHENGLUN,WOMENRUHEKANDAIYISHUJIADESISHENGHUO?SHIYONGWOMENJINTIANPINGYONGSHEHUIDESHIKUAIDAODELAIPINGJIAYIGEFEIFANSHIDAIFEIFANRENWUDESHENGMINGGUSHI?HAISHIYIGENGJIAKAIKUOGENGJIAQIANGLIEDESHENGMINGYISHILAITIYAN、LIJIE、ZANMEIYIGEWEIDASHENGMINGPENBOERCHUDEAIQINGYANJIANG?SHIHUIBIHAISHIZHIMIAN,SHIYONGSHIKUAIDAODELAIAIHUASHENGMINGXIANXIANGHAISHICONGBIAOMIANHUNLUANDESHENGMINGXIANXIANGZHONGSHENGHUACHUGENGJIAFUZAGENGJIACHUNCUIDERENXINGJINGJIE?YOUCISHI,ZAIWOMENHAIMEIYOUXIANGMINGBAIDESHIHOU,ZUIHAOBUYAOQINGYIDIQUWAIQUHUOZHEZHEBISHENGMINGXIANXIANGDEBENSHEN。WOCHANGCHANGHUIXIANGQILUXUNBIXIADECHUXIANZAIZAORENBUTIANYIHOUDENVWADEKUAXIADEGUGUANXIAOZHANGFU。WOMENHAISHIBUYAOXUEBA。

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山东彩票 ZUIHOUHAIYAOSHUOYI“QI”DE,SHIZHEIBENQISHUYEZHIYOU“QIREN”WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGDESHOUZHONGCAINENGBIANCHULAI。WEISHENME?ZHEIXIANGGONGZUOBUJINJINXUYAOGANQINGHESHENGMINGRELIDETOURU,HAIXUYAODUDAODEXUESHIHEJIANSHI,ZHENSHIFEIWANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGMOSHU。WANGXIANSHENGRUOGUANCONGRONG,JUNWUCHUSHEN,1950 NIANDAIZHONGQIZAIBUDUIMOUZAZHIDANRENMEISHUBIANJI,TAZUIZAOZHUANGONGDESHIMEISHUSHIZHUANYE,ZHUYOUDAIBIAOZUO《OUZHOUMEISHUZHONGDESHENHUAHECHUANSHUO》,DUIYUXIFANGMEISHULIUPAIYOUJINGSHENDEYANJIU。1960 NIANDAIZHUANYEXUEJIE,ZHUANERYANJIULUXUN,TABAMEISHUYANJIUBEIJINGDAIRULUXUNYANJIU,DUOYOUZHUSHULUXUNYUMEISHUDEKETI,ZAILUYANJIEDUSHUYIZHI。JINERTAYOUCONGLUXUNYANJIUJINRUXIANDAIWENXUEHEXIANDAISHIDEJIEHEYANJIU,YOUQIDUICHENDUXIU、JUQIUBAI、LIDAZHAODENGZAOQIZHONGGONGLINGXIUDOUYOUSHENRUYANJIU,ZHIJINDUBU,YOUQISHITADECHUANJIJUZUO《BEIFUDEPULUOMIXIUSI——CHENDUXIUCHUAN》,XIEYU1990 NIANDAIZHONGQI,ZAIHAINEIWAIDEZHONGGONGDANGSHIYANJIULINGYUSHIYIBURAOBUGUOQUDEZHONGYAOJISHI。ZAIYOUCHENDUXIUYANJIUSHEJIDAOZHONGGONGTUOPAIDEYANJIU,ZHEISHIZHIJINZHONGGUOXUESHUJIESHANGWEIBEIKAIKENDEHUANGWUZHIDI,WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGSHIXUEJIEXIANQU。HAOLE,SHUODAOZHEILIWORAOHUILAILE,WEISHENMEWANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGDUIYISHUJIALIWEILAHEFULIDAQINGYOUDUZHONG,WOZAIGUANKANNEIBU《FULIDA》DEYINGPIANSHIHOURUOYOUSHENGWU,YINGPIANZAIZUIHOUYIBUFEN,MIAOHUILEBEISIDALINPOHAIERDAOCHULIULANGDEBUERSHENWEIKELINGDAOREN、HONGJUNSILINGTUOLUOCIJIZHONGYULIULANGDAOMOXIGE,ZHEIYESHITADERENSHENGLVTUDEZUIHOUYIZHAN,LANGBEIDETUOLUOCIJIJURANBEILIWEILAFUFUJIENA,JUZHUZAIFULIDADELAOJIA“LANWU”,HAIYANCHULEYIDUANTUOLUOCIJIYUFULIDADELIANQING。LAOTUODANANLINTOUHAIFENGLIUBUZHI,RANERLIWEILA、FULIDADEDANGPAIQINGXIANGYEZHAORANRUOJIE。WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGZAI“BIANYUMANBI”DEZHANGWENDEZUIHOUYIBI,JIUHENHENDIXIEDAO:“SHUNBIANSHUOYIJU,FULIDA·KALUOSHIMOGONGDANGYUAN。”ZHIDIYOUSHENG。

    DANGRAN,SHIQINGHAISHIHUIYOUBIANHUA。WOMEIYOUXUEGUOLAMEIDEGUOJIGONGYUNSHI,LIWEILAKENDINGSHIYIWEIMINGSHENGHENDADEZUOYIYISHUJIA,MOXIGEGONGCHANDANGDANGYUAN,ZHEIHAOWUYIWEN,TAYISHENGDEBIHUAYUNDONG、YISHUCHUANGZUODOUYUFANDUIDIGUOZHUYI、ZHIMINZHUYIDEGEMINGZHENGZHIYUNDONGFENBUKAI,LUXUNDUILIWEILADEJIESHAOYESHILIZUYUZHEIYILICHANG。DANSHICONGGUOJIGONGYUNSHIDENEIMULAIKAN,SIDALINCANKUZHENYATUOLUOCIJIDEDISIGUOJIJIHUDAOLEBUZESHOUDUANDEFENGKUANGDEDIBU,TAZENMEHUIZAITUOLUOCIJIXIAOMIEHOU,NEIMEQINGYIDIFANGGUOLELIWEILA、FULIDAZHEIYIPIMINGXIANYOUQINGXIANGXINGDEGEMINGYISHUJIA?ERQIE,LIWEILAYEZENMEHUIXUNSUZHUANXIANGQUHUASIDALINTOUXIANG、GESONGSIDALINDE《ZHANZHENGDEEMENGYUHEPINGDELIXIANG》JUZHIZUOPIN?ZHEIXIEWENTIYOUSHIYIGEXUYAOWOMENQUSHENSIHEYANJIUDELINGYU。

山东彩票 HAISHIJIXUSHUO“QIREN”WANGGUANQUANXIANSHENGBA,WOSHUOZHEIBENQISHU,“QI”JIUQIZAITACONGRUCIJIANDANDEQIERUKOUKAISHI,JINGJIANJIANDIBAORONGLERUCIFENGFUDENEIHAN,TAYEJIHUDIAODONGLEWANGGUANQUANBISHENGXUEDEZHISHIJIYANG——SHIJIEMEISHUSHI、LUXUNYANJIU、DANGSHIYANJIU、GUOJIGONGYUNSHIYANJIU……CHULETA,HAIYOUSHEINENGBIANCHUZHEIYANGYIBENSHUNI?

 

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